With a total population of 260,000, Karimnagar is the fourth largest and fastest growing urban agglomeration of Telangana. The literacy rate is over 84 percent and the city serves as the district headquarters of the Karimnagar district. It is situated at an elevation of about 902 feet on the banks of River Manair, a tributary of River Godavari. Telugu is the most widely spoken Language. As per the records of the 2011 census, the district has a total population of 3.7 million and a literacy rate of 64 percent. 50 percent of the population participates in the workforce, out of which 60 percent are in the agriculture sector, 9 percent in the household industry and 31 percent in industry and services. Traditionally, crops grown in the district include paddy, green gram, sugar cane, maize, jowar, red gram and chilies. The region is the second largest cultivator of paddy in Telangana. Commercial crops cultivated include cotton, oil seeds including ground nut, sunflower and castor. The prominent Horticulture crops are mango and citrus fruits. Agriculture is boosted by the Kakatiya canal of Sriramsagar. Karimnagar is known as the City of Granites and serves as a major educational and health hub for the northern districts of Telangana. Historically, the region was a main part of the Satavahana Dynasty, the Mauryans, Kakatiyas and the Hyderabad State. The outdoors are extremely interesting and the hill fort of Elgandal is the most prominent heritage site.