Jalna is a city in Jalna district in the Aurangabad Division, or Marathwada region, of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It has a total population of 2,85,577.
The highest employment in the district is in Agro based, Forest based, Mineral based, Textile, Food based, Leather, Rubber, Plastic and Chemical based industries. The district has 77% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 21% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 2% are Household workers.
The town Jalna, the headquarters of this district traceable as far back as the time of Lord Rama, the hero of Ramayana, whose consort Sita is supposed to have resided here. The local people still point out the place where Ramas palace stood. It was then known as Janakpur. Subsequently at the desire of a wealthy Mohammedan merchant, who is said to have been a great benefactor of the place, the name was changed to Jalna from his occupation of Jalaha or weaver.
For administrative purpose, the district is divided into 2 sub-divisions and 8 tahsils. Jalna sub-division includes Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafferabad, and Badnapur tahsils and Partur sub-division includes Partur, Ambad, Ghansawangi and Mantha tahsils.
The climate of the district is very good due to high lands on the western part and gradual slope towards east and north, and on the western side with moderate summer from April to June and good winter from November to March. The climate during rainy season from the middle of the June to end of September is cool and pleasant followed by a hot spell of October. The Northern and North Eastern region, especially in Baglan, Malegaon and Nandgaon Tehsils, experiences at hot climate more or less similar to Khandesh type. The temperature of the district goes up to 420 C in summer and in winter it falls down to 40 C.