Hubli and Dharwad together have a total population of 9,40,000, making it the largest conurbation of Karnataka. The native and official language is Kannada and the cities come under the Dharwad district. The city of Hubli is located to the southwest of the city of Dharwad, the latter serving as the administrative headquarters of the district. As per the data of the 2011 census, Dharwad district has a total population of 1.8 million, out of which 43 percent are in the working age. 47 percent of the working population is involved in the agriculture sector, 2 percent in the household industry and 51 percent are engaged in services and industry. Hubli is famous for production and trade of commodities such as chili peppers, peanuts and cotton while Dharwad produces channa, groundnut, rice, sugarcane, jowar, wheat, moong etc. Both these cities provide a strong industrial and agricultural base to Karnatakas economy and thus are considered to be the most important metropolitan area of the state after Bengaluru.