Dum Dum is a city located in West Bengal with a total population of 1,14,786. It is a city with the municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas District in the state of West Bengal. The highest employment in the district is in Engineering based, plastic based, Foods and Beverages, Tobacco, Textile, Leather, Rubber & Plastic and Chemical based industries. The district has 25% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 4% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 71% are Household workers.
In 1983, an administrative reform committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Ashok Mitra suggested to split the district into two and as per the recommendation of the committee in 1986, 1 March two districts – North 24 Parganas (24 PGS N) and South 24 Parganas (24 PGS S) were created. The North 24 Parganas which was included to the Presidency Division has been formed with 5 sub-divisions of the Greater 24 Parganas. The district of North 24-Parganas with its administrative headquarters at Barasat comprises five Sub-divisions viz. Barasat, Barrackpore, Bongaon, Bashirhat and Bidhannagar. The district of North 24-Parganas falls within the new alluvium sub-region of the lower Gangetic Plain (Zone-III) considered being most fertile for crop production.
The soil type varies from sandy to clay sandy loam being the predominant ratio of high: medium: low land is 17: 33: 39. The main rivers of the district of North 24-Parganas are Ichhamati, Kalindi, Raimangal, Dansa, Borokalagachi, Benti, Haribhanga, Gourchrar, Bidyadhari, Hooghly, etc. Ichhamati is the longest among these rivers. It enters the district through Bagdah block in the north of the district from Nadia and flows south through Bangaon, Swarupnagar, Baduria, Bashirhat-I, Hasnabad and Hingalganj.