Shillong is a hill station in the Northeastern part of India and the capital of Meghalaya, which means "The Abode of Clouds". Having a population of 1,43,229, Shillong is also the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills district.
The major industries in the district include Agro based, Repairing and servicing, Textile based, Metal based and Wood based industries. The district has 36% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 63% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 1% are Household workers.
The East Khasi Hills district is situated in the south-central part of Meghalaya having a common border with Bangladesh in the south. The district lies in the central part of the State and occupies a total geographical area of 2,748 km sq. The district comprises of two Civil subdivisions, the Shillong Sadar Subdivision with headquarters at Shillong and the Sohra Subdivision with headquarters at Sohra (Cherrapunjee). The district has eight Community and Rural Development Blocks. The district has 13 towns (2 Statutory Towns and 11 Census Towns).
The East Khasi Hills District is mostly hilly with deep gorges and ravines on the southern portion. The most important physiographic features of the district is the Shillong Plateau interspersed with river valley, then fall sharply in the southern portion forming deep gorges and ravine in Mawsynram and Shella-Bholaganj bordering Bangladesh. Red loamy soil and Lateritic soil are the major soil types found in the district.