With a total population of 2,29,644, Ramagundam is the most populated city of the Peddapalli district and the fifth most populated city of the state of Telangana. The literacy rate is 69 percent. Located on the banks of the river Godavari, the name of the city is a combination of Rama and Gundam, Gundam meaning a water spring. A famous Hindu temple of Lord Rama is situated in the old part of the city. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) located in the city is the biggest thermal power producing station in Southern India and the city is located in the Godavari Valley Coalfields, giving it the title of the “City of Energy”. Other industries related to engineering, cement and fertilizers are located in Ramagundam. The city was earlier part of the Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh, which was carved into 3 districts of Telangana in October 2016, namely, Jagtial, Peddapalli and Siricilla districts.