Kota is the 18th largest Hindi speaking city in India with a total population of 10,01,694. Highest employment in Kota is in Mineral, Metal, Leather, Wooden Furniture, Educational Institutions, Readymade garments and other household industries. The district has 37% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 60% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 3% are Household workers. The major crops produced in the district are Soybean, Paddy, Maize, Mustard, Wheat, Coriander, Gram. Apart from these, other horticultural crops like Mango, Guava, Brinjal, Tomato, Ashwagandha etc. are also produced. Kota, formerly known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of Rajasthan on the banks of Chambal River. Kota is a major coaching hub of the country for competitive examination preparations and has a number of engineering and medical coaching institutes. The city of Kota was once the part of the erstwhile Rajput kingdom of Bundi. It became a separate princely state in the 17th century. Apart from the several monuments that reflect the glory of the town, Kota is also known for its palaces and gardens. Kota city became independent in 1579 after Bundi state in Hadoti region had become weak. Then, Kota ruled the territory which now is Kota district and Baran district.