Jalgaon is the 98th most populous city of India with a total population of 4,60,228. Highest employment in the Jalgaon district is in Food products, Chemicals, Rubber/Plastic, Metal fabrication and other household industries. The district has 71% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 27% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 2% are Household workers. This district is situated in mid-basin of Tapi river & surrounded by the basins of sub rivers - Girna, Waghur, Agnawati, Bori, Anajani & Mor. Jalgaon district is known as Cotton & Banana bowl of the State. Maize, Pomegranate, Custard apple, Lemon are another important crops of the district. Brinjal and Ladyfinger are main vegetable crops of the district. Due to increase in irrigated areas, Rabi area is increasing. In recent years, there is an increase in area of cotton, Maize, Soybean. The present territory of Jalgaon was part of the independent Khandesh sultanate ruled by the Faruqi dynasty from 1382–1601. According to Abul Fazl ibn Mubaraks Ain-i-Akbari, the name Khandesh was derived from the Khan title given by Ahmed I of Gujarat (1411–43) to Malik Nasir, the second of the Faruqi kings. Other sources say the name comes from the Khandava Forest of the Mahabharata. In 1906, the district was divided, with East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon. After the 1956 reorganization of the Indian states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State. Four years later, in 1960, it became part of the newly formed Maharashtra and was renamed Jalgaon.