Hanumangarh is the 127th largest Hindi speaking city of India with a total population of 1,50,958. Highest employment in the Hanumangarh district is in the sectors of Agriculture, Leather, Minerals, Cotton Textile, Engineering and other household industries. 64% of the workforce is employed in the Agricultural Sector, 34% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 2% are Household workers. Hanumangarh is situated on the banks of the river Ghaggar also identified as Ancient Sarasvati river. The major crops produced are Cotton, Wheat, Mustard, Gram, Paddy, Barley, Bajra, Mung, Groundnut and fruits like Kinnow, Malta, Pomegranate, Ber etc. Hanumangarh was the kingdom of Bhati dynasty and hence its earlier name was Bhatner. Since it was won on Tuesday by Maharaja Soorat Singh of Bikaner, which is the auspicious day of the Hindu God Hanuman, it was rechristened as Hanumangarh - the Fort of Hanuman the Hindu-god. It has yielded a number of terracotta decorative tiles in the late Kushan Empire style along with a number of coins.