Guna has a total population of 1,80,935 and ranks 104th in term of Hindi speakers. Major employment in Guna is in Natural gas Industry, Fertilizer industry, Chemical Industry, Yarn Industry, and in Agriculture. Out of entire workforce, 76% are employed in the agriculture sector, 22% are employed in the above mentioned Industrial segment and remaining 2% Household industry. Guna is a good agricultural belt because of the river Parbati and Betwa. Vindhyans sandstones, Shales and Limestones; Deccan Trap is available in the District which gives it plain as well as hilly topography. Guna is located on 474 meters above from main sea level. The name of the district Guna is the short form of (Gwalior United Nation Army). Guna was the part of the ancient Avanti Kingdom founded by Chand Pradyota Mahesena. Later Shishusangh added the kingdom of Avant, which included Guna to the growing empire of Magadha. This region came under many dynasties time by time. During the medieval period, it came under Chanderi which was one of the most prosperous state of that time. In the beginning of the 18th century, Chanderi became the part of Malwa and remaining portion of Guna formed the part of Raghogarh State. Later on, Raghogarh was split into three states where Garah and Dharnawada State were among the three claimants of Raghogarh family. After the great revolt of 1857, Guna district thus passed under the control of Gwalior State with Raghogarh as its mandatory chief. An assistant to the resident of Gwalior was posted at Guna which remained. An English cantonment after the year 1860. Although Guna was declared a part of Gwalior but because of its British cantonment, it was considered expedient to locate the district headquarter there.