Pune (formerly spelled Poona) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai. It is the ninth most populous city in the country, with a total population of 52,20,613.
The major employment providing industries in Pune district include: Agro based, Rubber and plastic, Engineering based, Metal based, Wood based, Textile and Chemical industries. The district has 32% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 65% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 3% are Household workers.
For administrative purposes the district is divided into 5 sub-divisions of Pune, Mawal, Baramati, Junnar, and Bhor. Pune sub-division includes Pune City and Haveli tahsils, Mawal sub-division includes Mawal, Shirur and Mulshi tahsils, Baramati sub-division includes Baramati, Indapur and Daund tahsils, Junnar sub-division includes Junnar, Ambegaon and Khed tahsils and Bhor sub-division includes Bhor, Purandhar and Velhe tahsils.
Punes first bus service began in 1941 with the Silver Bus Company, and Tanga (horse-drawn carriage) drivers went on strike in protest. Tangas were a common mode of public transport well into the 1950s, and bicycles were a private vehicle choice in the 1930s. Pune district lies in the Bhima and Nira basins. It has a shape of triangle with its base in Sahyadri Mountains on the West and its apex in the extreme South-East corner near Nira River. Taking into consideration the height from sea level, rainfall, soil pattern etc. it is divided into three zones viz. Western Zone, Central Zone and Eastern Zone. The Sahayadri ranges are spread from North to South in the district.