With a total population of 2,04,000, Ongole is the 13th most populous city of Andhra Pradesh, and is located in the Prakasam district. The literacy rate is 83 percent and Telugu is the most widely spoken language. As per the 2011 census, the total population of Prakasam district is 3.4 million and the literacy rate is 63 percent. 50 percent of the population is in the working age, out of which the bulk of the population of 69 percent work in agriculture sector, 2 percent in the household industry and 29 percent in services and industry. Agriculture is the primary occupation of Ongole, and the city is a major center for tobacco trading in Andhra Pradesh. Ongole is known across the world for its Ongole cattle, a breed of oxen that is exported to many countries. Granite polishing units also provide large employment in the region. Historically, the region was part of the Mauryan, Satavahana, Pallava and Kakatiya kingdoms.