Madhyamgram is a city in Kolkata district, in the Indian state of West Bengal. It has a total population of 196,127. Administratively, it is in Barasat Sadar subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in West Bengal, India. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.
The highest employment in the district is in the Engineering goods, plastic based items, Jute & Jute diversified products, Foods and Beverages, Tobacco, Cotton Textiles, Wood products, leather products, Rubber & Plastic products, Chemical products and Basic metal product industries. The district has 25% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 71% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 4% are Household workers.
In 1983, an administrative reform committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Ashok Mitra suggested to split the district into two and as per the recommendation of the committee in 1986, 1 March two districts – North 24 Parganas (24 PGS N) and South 24 Parganas (24 PGS S) were created. The North 24 Parganas which was included to the Presidency Division has been formed with 5 sub-divisions of the Greater 24 Parganas, namely Barasat (Headquarters), Barrackpore, Basirhat, Bangaon and Bidhannagar (a satellite township of Kolkata, popularly known as Salt Lake).
The district of North 24-Parganas falls within the new alluvium sub-region of the lower Gangetic Plain (Zone-III) considered being most fertile for crop production. The soil type varies from sandy to clay sandy loam being the predominant ratio of high: medium: low land is 17: 33: 39. The physiography of the district is mostly plain.
The main rivers of the district of North 24-Parganas are Ichhamati, Kalindi, Raimangal, Dansa, Borokalagachi, Benti, Haribhanga, Gourchrar, Bidyadhari, Hooghly, etc. Ichhamati is the longest among these rivers. It enters the district through Bagdah block in the north of the district from Nadia and flows south through Bangaon, Swarupnagar, Baduria, Bashirhat-I, Hasnabad and Hingalganj. This river flows into river Kalindi and Kalindi in turn flows into Raimangal.