Aizawl is the capital of the state of Mizoram in India. With a population of 2,93,416, it is the largest city in the state. It is also the centre of administration containing all the important government offices, state assembly house and civil secretariat.
The highest employment in the district is in Metal based, Textile based, Wood based, Mineral based, Repairing and servicing and Agro based industries. The district has 29% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 69% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 2% are Household workers.
One of the most significant administrative developments of the district is the establishment of the Aizawl Municipal Council (AMC). It is the first Urban Local Body in Mizoram State. The AMC is the authority of civic administration of Aizawl city. It was formed in 2010 with 19 Members when the Congress-ZNP party coalition was voted to power in the state legislative assembly. The AMC office is being administered by one council Chairman, Vice Chairman and three executive members. It consists of 19 elected members representing 19 wards of the city and others appointed by the Governor of Mizoram. One-third of the total membership is reserved for women; these six seats shall be rotated after every five years. The tenure of the council is five years. There is a Ward Committee in every ward that consists of a Chairman, who is an elected councilor from that ward, and two members each from all the local council within the ward. There are 82 local councils having a term of 3 years.
The topography of the district is undulant with broken mountain/hilly ranges and between them lies the Valley lands suitable for cultivation of field crops. The hills are situated for Horticultural practice where ever the slopes are gentle/moderate. The Soil in the hill are rich in humus due to forest cover. Though the district mainly comprises of hilly terrain, there are low lying valley lands in few pockets where altitudes are rather low having warm & humid climate facilitating paddy cultivation.