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Adoni is a city in Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Adoni mandal, administered under the Adoni Revenue Division. The total population of the city is 184,625.

The highest employment in the district is in Foods and beverages, Tobacco products, Textile, Leather based, Paper based, Chemical, Plastic, Rubber and Mineral based industries. The district has 66% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 31% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 3% are Household workers.

The District derived its name from its chief town Kurnool, which was the capital of the former Nawabs and at present, the headquarters of the district. The name Kurnool, is said to have been derived from "Kandenavolu". According to tradition, in the 11th Century A.D. the Odder a community who carted stones for the construction of a temple at Alampur, used the site on which the town now stands as a halting place before crossing the Tungabhadra and greased their cart wheels with oil, locally supplied by some of the oil mongers and called the place "Kandenavolu" which subsequently came to be known as Kurnool - the town of Kandena or grease.

Kurnool district lies on the South Central Western part of the State bordering Karnataka on the West, Mabubnagar district on the North, East by Prakasam, Anantapur & YSR districts on the South. Kurnool town was once the State Capital of Andhra pradesh upon bifurcation from Madras State during 1956.

Kurnool district lies in the Rayalseema region of AP. The average rainfall here is 670mm. Black cotton soil is there in the East and North West parts whereas red soil is there in South East parts of the region. The district experiences hot summer and dry and cold winters.

The district is at an altitude of 1000 feet above sea level. It is bounded by Rivers Tungabhadra and Krishna on the north, Cuddapah and Ananthapur districts on the south, Karnataka state on the west and by Prakasam district on the east. Nallamala and Erramalas are the two important mountain ranges in the district running in parallel from North to South. Between these two mountains lies the eastern part of the district. This track is crossed by the crest of Krishna and Pennar rivers.