Warangal has a population of 6,16,000 and serves as the district headquarters of the Warangal Urban and Warangal Rural district. Located 140 km away from the capital city Hyderabad, Warangal is the 2nd largest city of Telangana. The literacy rate in Warangal is 82% and the most spoken language here is Telugu. The literacy rate in the district is 65 percent and 49 percent constitute the working age population. Majority of the workforce, i.e 68 percent are engaged in the agriculture sector, 2 percent in the household industry and 30 percent work in services and industry, where the Information Technology Sector is increasingly employing higher numbers. Major crops cultivated are paddy, wheat, mango and cotton. During the eighth century, Warangal was known as Orukal, the capital of the Yadava Kings of the Tuluva Andhras. The city also served as the capital of the great Kakatiya Dynasty of the south, later being governed by the Nayaks, the Bahmani Sultanates and the Sultanates of Golconda. Warangal is famous for the Thousand Pillar Temple and other monuments built by the Kakatiyas to include fortresses, lakes, temples, and stone gateways.