Thanesar is the 122nd largest Hindi speaking city of India with a total population of 1,55,152. Thanesar falls under district Kurukshetra and the highest employment in Kurukshetra district is in the sectors of agriculture, engineering and household industries. 37% of the workforce is employed in the Agricultural Sector, 45% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 18% are Household workers. The major exportable items are Rice, Semi craft paper etc. The main sources of irrigation in Thanesar are canals and tube wells. The major crops produced are Wheat, Paddy and Sugarcane. Paddy constitutes main kharif crop whereas the wheat is the main Rabi crop. Thanesar (sometimes called Thaneswar and, archaically, Sthanishvara) is a historic town and an important Hindu pilgrimage centre on the banks of the Ghaggar river in the state of Haryana in northern India. Prabhakarvardhana was a ruler of Thanesar in the early seventh-century CE and was succeeded by his sons, Rajyavardhana and Harsha.The town was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1011. The present town of Thanesar is located on an ancient mound. The mound is 1 km long and 750 m wide and is known as "Harsh ka Tila" (Mound of Harsha). It has ruins of structures built during the reign of Harsha, 7th century CE. Amongst the archaeological finds from the mound include Painted Grey Ware shards in the pre-Kushana levels and Red Polished Ware from post Gupta period. After the partition of India, a large refugee camp was set up here, which became the nucleus of a bustling commercial city. It grew so much that on 23 January 1973, a new district named Kurukshetra district was created, of which Thanesar was the main town. Now Thanesar is a Municipal Council. Thanesar is a Legislative Assembly of Haryana constituency within Kurukshetra (Lok Sabha constituency).