Shimla has a total population of 1,69,578 and ranks 112th in term of Hindi speakers. Major employment in Shimla is in Agriculture sector, Government sector and in the Tourism sector. Out of entire working population, 64% are employed in Agriculture, 34% in Tourism and in the Government sector and remaining 2% household workers. Shimla is very rich from the floral point of view. The land formation of Shimla is Hilly. It has an average altitude of 2,206 metres above mean sea level. The district has many mountains and deep ravines. Sutluj is the biggest river of the district. The other rivers in the district are Tons, Pabbar and Giri Ganga. Agriculture and horticulture are the prime economic activities of this district. The History of Shimla goes back to the period of Anglo-Gurkha war in the beginning of 19th century. In 1804 the Gurkhas, who had suffered a severe defeat at the hands of the Sikhs at the battle of Kangra, a hill fortress about sixty miles from Shimla. Gurkhas built many forts around Shimla. One of these strongholds, the Jagatgarh fortress, was the origin of the modern Jutogh, the well known military cantonment adjoining Shimla. Shimla was the most desirable land for British Empire, they contributed and supported Gurkhas various times. The climate of Shimla was very suitable for Britishers so they made many buildings in Shimla. In modern time Shimla is an important tourist spot because of its Natural beauty.