Saharsa is the 119th largest Hindi speaking city of India with a total population of 1,56,540. Highest employment in Saharsa is in Agriculture, Food item manufacture and other household industries. The district has 80% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 17% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 3% are Household workers. Saharsa and its surrounding areas are a flat alluvial plain forming part of the Kosi river basin. Gandak and Bagmati are other important rivers. The major crops produced are Rice, Maize, Wheat, Lentil/Pulses, Mustard, Greengram, Mango, Guava, Banana, Litchi, Makhana, etc. Saharsa was part of Mithila and the history can be traced back to Raja Janak (in mythical accounts, the father of Sita, who later became the wife of Lord Rama). Tantric scholars and devotees attach significance to this Chandi temple, which is said to form an equilateral triangle with the Katyayani temple near Dhamara Ghat and the Tara temple at Mahishi. During the Navaratri people from distant places visit the village to offer prayers to the goddess of power. The famous conversation between Mandan Mishra and Shankaracharya took place in Mahishi in Saharsa.