Malegaon is the 2nd largest city of the Nashik district in Maharashtra after Nashik itself. The population of the city is 4,80,000, the rate of literacy is over 87 percent and Marathi and Urdu are the main spoken languages. Urdu is prevalent in all the eastern parts of city. Located at an elevation of 1437 feet at the confluence of the Mausam (previously Moosi) and Girna rivers, Malegaon is situated on the road linking Mumbai and Agra. It used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi or the hamlet of gardens and quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area during the rule of the Peshawas. As the fort took 25 years to build, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area. After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region and the 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north locate themselves here. As per the records of the 2011 census, the total population of Nashik district is 6.1 million, the literacy rate is 82 percent and 45 percent of the population is in the working age. 61 percent of the workers are employed in the agriculture sector, 2 percent in the household industry and 37 percent in services and industry. The region is a major producer of Onions and Pomegranates. Malegaon is one of the major hubs for cloth weaving in the state of Maharashtra, a tradition that can be traced to the famine in Varanasi in 1862, that forced Muslim weavers to move to Malegaon. There are numerous power looms in the city which are a major source of employment, but most of the workers are struggling to make a living in these changing times and changing policies. Many workers prefer to move to the larger metros for better and stable job opportunities. Meanwhile, Malegaon is fast becoming a regional centre for PVC pipes and is notorious for its wacky Hollywood and Bollywood spoof industry.