Mahabubnagar is a city in Mahbubnagar district of the Indian state of Telangana named after the 6th Nizam - Mir Mahbub Ali Khan. It is the headquarters of Mahbubnagar mandal in Mahbubnagar revenue division. The city is also the largest in the district with an area of 39.64 km sq. (15.31 sq mi) and 7th most populous in the state. The total population of the city is 1,90,400.
The highest employment in the district is in Textile based, Food and Agro based, Mineral based, Electronics and Plastic based industries. The district has 72% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 25% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 3% are Household workers.The district of Mahbubnagar came under the sway of the Mauryas during the reign of Asoka. The Mauryan imperialism seems to have exerted considerable influence on the lives of the people of Deccan. It appears to have given them a uniform system of administration based upon the Aryan policy which served as a model for the feature Governments in the South. The Deccan served as a ground wherein the Aryan and non-Aryan languages were used to create a prakrit dialect which obtained wide currency. The district is located in the middle of Western side of the State and is bounded on the North by Rangareddy & Nalgonda (part) districts, East by Nalgonda [part] & Guntur districts, South by Rivers of Krishna, Thungabhadra & Kurnool district and on the West by Raichur and Gulburga districts of Karnataka State.
The major rivers flowing through the district are river Krishna and river Tungabhadra. Dindi, Peddavagu and Chinnavagu are rivulets that flow through the district.
The major soil type found in the district is red sandy soil. Loamy soils (Dubba) are found in 13% of geographical area. The share of red sandy soil (Chalka) is 67% and that of black cotton soil is 20%. In general, the soil quality is shallow and poor in fertility. There are large patches of saline and alkaline soils. Black cotton soil exists in narrow strips, along the banks of river Krishna and Tungabhadra, in Gadwal, Kollapur and Makthal areas.