Burhanpur has a total population of 2,10,880 and ranks 86th in term of Hindi speakers. Major employment in Burhanpur is in Agriculture sector, Textile sector and in the Government sector. Out of entire workforce, 68% are employed in Agriculture, 29% are employed in Textile and Government sector remaining 3% Household workers. Burhanpur is a good agricultural belt because of rich black cotton soil deposit. Burhanpur is a mass producer of cotton it is located 247 meters above from the main sea level. Tapti is the main river of Burhanpur district. The name Burhanpur came after Sufi saint Burhanuddin Gharib of Khuldabad. From many excavations and explorations, the history of the district goes far back but the main period of Burhanpur starts only from the medieval period. Miran Adil Khan II who reigned from 1457 to 1501 sultan of Faruqi Dynasty, built a citadel and a number of palaces in Burhanpur. This was the time when Burhanpur became the hub of trade. During the time of Akbar, he annexed Khandesh sultanate and Burhanpur became the capital of Khandesh. It was one of three new top-levels provinces of the Mughal Empire. Shah Jahan has built Shahi Qila and many more buildings here. In 1681 Burhanpur was captured by the Marthas. Later it went under the rule of Holkar, Scindia and finally under British.