Alwar is the 48th largest Hindi speaking city of India with a total population of 3.1 Lakh. Major employment in Alwar is in Agriculture, Tool, Leather, Automobile, Chemical, Craft and in Textile industry. Alwar district has 64% Agriculture workers, 32% Industry and other workers and 3% Household workers. Alwar is a good agricultural belt because of the high water level. Ruparel is the major river of the district. Bajra, Maize, Jowar, Kharif pulses, Arhar, Sesamum, Cotton, Guar etc. are the main crops of Alwar. Alwar is also fairly rich in mineral wealth. It produces marble, granite, feldspar, dolomite, quartz, lime stone, soap stone, barites, copper clay, copper ore and pyrophylite etc. The history of Alwar goes back to 10th century CE. King of Amer founded the city of Alwar (Alpur) in 1049 CE after his own name which later became Alwar. Many dynasties ruled here like the Rajputs, Marathas and Jats etc. Alwar was a princely state and was ruled by Kachwaha Rajputs (1770) and later came under the British rule. Mewati and Ahirwati are the other major spoken languages of Alwar.