Sagar has a total population of 2,73,296 and ranks 61st in terms of Hindi speakers. Highest employment in Sagar is in the Agriculture sector, Refinery industry and in the Mining industry. Out of entire workforce, 58% are employed in agriculture, 28% in government, refinery and mining industry and remaining 14% are employed as household workers. Sagar is a good agricultural belt because of the Sonar River and the soil type. Wheat, chickpeas, sorghum, and oilseeds are chief crops of the region. Sagar district is situated on a spur of the Vindhya Range and 1,758 feet above sea-level. The origin of the name “Sagar” comes from the Hindi word Sagar meaning lake or sea, apparently because of the large and once beautiful lake around which the town of Sagar has been built. One another theory states that the word Sagar is a corruption of the word Saugor which means a hundred forts. Sagar was founded by Udan Singh in 1660 CE. Later this district came under the rule of Peshwas, British and under Scindias.