Located at an elevation of about 105 feet, Tambaram has a total population of 1,75,000 and a literacy rate of over 92%. The city comes under Kancheepuram district which is ranked 2nd in terms of population in Tamil Nadu. Majority of the population speaks Tamil. As per the data of 2011 census, the district has a total population of 4 million, and the literacy rate is 84%. 42 % of the population belongs to the working age group, out of which 22 percent are engaged in the agriculture sector, 3 percent in the household industry and the bulk 75 percent in services and industry. The earliest reference to Manimangalam in the outskirts of Tambaram is with reference to a battle fought between the Western Chalukya king Pulakesin II and the Pallava king Narasimhavarman I. Many of the temples in the city were built under the rule of the medieval Chola kings, the prominent amongst them being the Rajagopala Perumal Temple of Lord Vishnu. The city served as a camp set by the British during the Carnatic Wars of the 17th century.