Raniganj is a city located at the South-Eastern neighborhood in Asansol. It comes in Asansol Sadar subdivision of Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India. The city has a total population of 1,29,441.
The highest employment in the district is in Machinery based, Leather based, Paper based, Textile and Chemical based industries. The district has 45% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 51% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 4% are Household workers.
The district falls under the Presidency Division of West Bengal. The district has 6 Sub-divisions, viz. Asansol, Durgapur, Burdwan Sadar (North), Katwa, Kalna and Burdwan Sadar (South). There are 31 Community Development (C.D.) Blocks, 9 Municipalities and 2 Municipal Corporation in the district. Asansol Sub-Division has got 4 C.D. Blocks namely Salanpur, Barabani, Jamuria and Raniganj.
The soil of the eastern part of Burdwan district is of rich alluvial variety and is suitable for intensive cultivation of paddy, wheat, potatoes and other crops and vegetables. The soil of the western part of the district is reddish and is not that fertile. The district of Burdwan is extremely fortunate in being girdled by three major rivers – the Hooghly on the east, the Ajay on the north and the Damodar on the south. Apart from these three, there are myriads of minor rivers and streams which criss-cross the district.