Pimpri- Chinchwad is a part of the Pune Metropolitan City and falls within the Pune district of Maharashtra. With a population of 1.7 million, this is the 5th largest city of Maharashtra and the 18th most populous city of India. The literacy rate is 89 percent and Marathi is the widely spoken language. The area consists of the towns of Pimpri, Chinchwad, Akurdi, Ravet, Bhosari, Pimple Gurav, Moshi, Nigadi, Punawale and Sangavi, which are governed by a common municipal body - The Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation. Located in the North-West region of Pune, the three rivers Pavana, Mula and Indrayani flow through this area. Chinchwad derives its name from the trees of Chinch or tamarind and Wad or Banyan that are found here in abundance. As per the 2011census, Pune district has a total population of 9.4 million and a literacy rate of over 86 percent. 43 percent of the population belongs to the working age group, out of which 32 percent work in the agriculture sector, 3 percent in the household industry and the bulk 65 percent in the services and industrial sector. The impetus for industrial growth of the region came in the 1950s, with improved connectivity through roads and railways and Pimpri-Chinchwad became an important link between Mumbai, Pune and Nasik. Over time, this region has turned into a successful cluster of pharmaceutical, mechanical, automotive and more recently information technology companies. Chinchwad is considered to be one of Lord Ganeshas shaktipeeths in Maharashtra. With the flooding of the river Pavana every year, the Ganesha temple gets submerged in the river water, a phenomenon that the locals consider as the bathing of Lord Ganesha. The historic Shaniwar Wada fort also reflects the historical importance of this region as the seat of the Maratha Empire. The Fort was completed in 1732 by Peshwa Bajirao I.