Mira and Bhayander is the 60th most populous city in India with a total population of 8,09,378. Mira and Bhayander is a city in the Thane district of Maharashtra and the highest employment in the district is in Agriculture, Silk, Wool, Cotton Textile, Readymade Garments, Chemical, Engineering and other household industries. The district has 17% of the workforce employed in the Agricultural Sector, 80% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 3% are Household workers. The major exportable items are Nylon Synthetic Readymade Garments, Embroidered Fabrics, Textiles, Food Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Engineering products and Chemicals, Electronic Products, IT & Software. The major crops produced in the district are Paddy, Ragi, Red Gram, Black Gram, Vari, Bengal Gram, Sapota, Coconut, Mango, Okra, Brinjal and Tomato. Sopara was the capital of North-Konkan or Aparanta in the third century B.C. It is close to the town of Mira-Bhayandar. Trade with Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome was carried out through the various ports in this region. In times of the British occupation of India, the residents of the Mira-Bhayandar area participated in the Salt Satyagraha. Bhayander West was traditionally residential, and the East predominantly an industrial area in the field of steel utensils manufacturing. Recent population growth and a flurry of construction have blurred the boundaries between Bhayander and neighbouring Mira Road on the East side of the rail tracks, turning it into a populous suburb. Government-owned Salt Pans and marshland in West Mira Road have restricted the southward spread of Bhayander. There is a lot of scope for development of this land as it has the potential to house a large industrial complex.