Khammam is the 249th most populous city of India with a total population of 1,84,210. The highest employment in Khammam district is in the sectors of Agriculture, Mining, Mineral and other household Industry. 73% of the workforce is employed in the Agricultural Sector, 26% in the Industrial Sector and the remaining 1% are Household workers. The river Munneru, which is a tributary of the Krishna River, flows on the western side of the town. A major part of the irrigated area is through borewells & canals. The major crops produced are Rice, Wheat, Soybean, Cotton, Chillies and Turmeric. Also, the agro-climatic conditions are suitable for perennial fruit crops like mango, citrus, guava, banana, vegetables and flowers etc. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana. Khammam city, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal District until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district namely, Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters was formed. History of Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the freedom struggle, such as first generation communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao and many others.